One of the most significant inventions in the world of computer science quietly celebrated its 20th anniversary in 2015. Java 1.0 was released in May 1995; it was not originally named Java and it was not intended to be a truly cross-platform language.
The initial Java framework dates back to 1991; it was supposed to power cable boxes but was ahead of its time. The original name of Oak had to be abandoned due to trademark issues, and the name Java came up during a brainstorming session that included a cup of coffee, which would also inspire the iconic logo.
Java has been the preeminent coding language of the Internet since its initial release. In late 2016, the benchmark TIOBE index of top programming languages confirmed that Java remains at the top of coding skills sought by tech employers these days.
Various industries have been using Java over the last two decades. Applications based on Java are used by hardware manufacturers, e-commerce developers, healthcare providers, aerospace engineers, database programmers, and many others. Current Java coverage extends to nearly 90 percent of desktop computers around the world. Java is even more prevalent on mobile platforms; in fact, the design of the Android operating system is heavily reliant on Java code.
Java has been a great enabler of the cloud computing paradigm. A principle of cloud computing is that users can access applications and data from all modern browsers installed on any device that can connect to the internet. This cross-platform ability is made possible by the Java virtual machine, which can run independently or in collaboration with the browser.
These days, Java apps can be found in smartwatches, ATMs, advanced toys, point-of-sale systems, servers, cable television boxes, and many other devices. Some of the major tech companies that use Java as their primary means of coding include:
Tech analysts believe that Java will still be a dominant language in the next decade; however, there may be a stronger shift towards developing Java for Android and Linux.