Today’s graphic designers have a wide array of software and methods available to crafting their designs. Although the job requirements may vary among firms and individual clients, all graphic designers working with technology today should know how to use major programs like Adobe’s Creative Cloud and basic programming languages. Below are the top four major programming languages graphic designer should know in order to bring their creations into the digital world.
The backbone of the Internet, HTML stands for hypertext markup language and is the most universal and basic programming language to learn. Simple HTML commands – called elements – are placed between brackets like these < > < > and used to modify text and construct the content of web pages. A graphic designer who knows HTML will be able to create an outline of a webpage and present it to a client in a quick and easy-to-digest format. However, HTML in and of itself is a very simple programming language, so designers usually learn the following to spruce up their designs.
CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets and is a programming language that allows designers and coders to modify the appearance of a web document. They can import typefaces, adjust weight, add borders to images and a myriad of other things that tweak the physical appearance of a web site.
PhotoShop, Adobe Illustrator, InDesign and DreamWeaver are all programs associated with Adobe’s Creative Cloud. Each of these softwares are designed to fulfill a specific design purpose; PhotoShop for image retouching and manipulation, Illustrator for vector design and print creations, InDesign for graphic print layouts and DreamWeaver for website and mobile app design. At the minimum, most graphic designers should know how to use PhotoShop and Illustrator, but more and more jobs are requiring that their designer candidates also know how to use InDesign. The best part about the Adobe programs is that their functions can be combined and used together to create the best quality designs.